Medieval Philosophy: The Epistemology of Henry of Ghent

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We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son. You may not copy or reproduce the software nor may you decompile, reverse engineer, disassemble, modify or creative derivative works of any of the software, or any portion thereof. Although framed in the technical terminology of late-medieval cognitive psychology, the basic question at issue between them is this: Does the mind (or “intellect”) cognize its (...) own states via higher-order (or “reflexive”) representational states?

Enlightenment and Genocide, Contradictions of Modernity

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The approach to this subject area was uniquely medieval, the rational investigation of the universe being viewed as a way of approaching God. His influence on the early medieval period was also marked (so much so that it is sometimes called the Boethian period). [9] He intended to translate all the works of Aristotle and Plato from the original Greek into Latin, and translated many of Aristotle’s logical works, such as On Interpretation, and the Categories. Girls were taught games meant to make them strong and healthy for perfect motherhood.

The History of European Philosophy; an Introductory Book

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It is important to realize that, except for the works of Pseudo-Dionysius, which do not appear to have had an important role in Abelard's thinking, he had access to no more of the original sources of philosophy in the ancient world than anyone else in Europe had had since the time of Boethius. To be sure, some gifted fourteenth- and fifteenth-century logicians seem to have lost sight of the big questions, and this no doubt helps to explain, if not justify, the humanists' unduly indiscriminate animus toward scholastic philosophy in general. (The /153/ parallels with today's humanistic reaction to analytic philosophy are both inescapable and instructive.) But such logicians are hardly worthy of the excessive attention lavished on them by what purports to be a history of medieval scholasticism from the twelfth through the sixteenth centuries.

The Cambridge Companion to Boethius (Cambridge Companions to

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In line with the prohibition against creating images of sentient living beings, which is particularly strictly observed with respect to God and the Prophet, Islamic religious art is focused on the word. Concerned as they were with the sense in which theology could be a science (a form of knowing), Duns Scotus and William of Ockham evinced a tendency to bring epistemological considerations more to the forefront of their work. A vigorous advocate of Roman Catholicism, Augustine developed many of his doctrines while attempting to resolve theological conflicts with Donatism and Pelagianism, two heretical Christian movements.

Thomistic Papers

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If we fail, at any time during the term of a Contract, to insist upon strict performance of any of your obligations under the Contract or any of these Terms and Conditions, or if we fail to exercise any of the rights or remedies to which we are entitled under the Contract or these Terms and Conditions, this shall not constitute a waiver of such rights or remedies and shall not relieve you from compliance with such obligations. Analytic and "Proto"-Analytic: Gary Ebbs (Frege, Wittgenstein, Carnap, Quine), Adam Leite (Analytic Philosophy), Kirk Ludwig (Davidson), David Charles McCarty (History of Logic, Early Analytic), and Joan Weiner (early analytic, especially Frege).

Eric Sykes' Comedy Heroes

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This new introduction replaces Marenbon's best-selling editions Early Medieval Philosophy (1983) and Later Medieval Philosophy (1987) to present a single authoritative and comprehensive study of the period. Al-Fârâbî (872-950), Les desseins de la métaphysique, intro. to bilingual text by Jean-Pierre Faye, transl. by Jean-Pierre Faye & Ali Najib Ibrahim with notes by Yahya Cheikh, Roland Laffitte & Mohammad Hafidh Yakoub (Pensée & Civilisations). But where Aristotle and faith were in clear conflict, such as his claim that the world was uncreated and eternal, it weakened his authority and allowed his ideas to be challenged.

The Metaphysical Vision: Arthur Schopenhauer's Philosophy of

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Israeli's philosophy of man is based on the Neoplatonic notion of the human soul's return to the upper world from which it came. However, against Aristotle, Levi presents a number of arguments designed to show that the world is created, among them one from the finiteness of time and motion. (Levi also rejects the Neoplatonic theory of emanation.) However, Levi differs from Maimonides and most Jewish philosophers in denying creation ex nihilo, holding that the world was created out of a formless matter coexistent with God, though this matter is not a principle paralleling God.

Francis Bacon: The Major Works (Oxford World's Classics)

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Readers of medieval philosophy who go on to study John Locke, for instance, will find it hard to imagine how his famous discussion of “personal identity” in the Essay concerning Human Understanding could ever have been written if it were not for the medieval distinction between “person” and “nature,” worked out in dealing with the doctrines of the Incarnation and the Trinity. Actually, there is no evidence of varying degrees of perfection.

Topics in Latin Philosophy from the 12th-14th centuries:

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To dismiss their efforts is not to do them justice. Ivry, pp. 57–58)) and Maimonides' contemporary *Averroes, who regarded the study of philosophy, including that of the non-Muslim ancients, "regardless of whether this other one shares our religion or not," as a religious obligation, and that to forbid the study of philosophy because of its foreign source is like denying a thirsty person water, so he dies of thirst, just because some people have choked on water (cf. His conception of the soul follows the Platonic notion that the soul is a substance joined to the body, and his view of the active intellect follows Aquinas' view that it is located within the individual human soul.

Understanding Scholastic Thought with Foucault (New Middle

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The tradition of analytic philosophy began with Gottlob Frege at the turn of the twentieth-century, and was carried on by Bertrand Russell, G. New ideas appeared in political thought all over the world: liberalism demanded democratization of the political process, while socialism demanded economic justice. In effect, modernism dehumanizes us by convincing us that we are only a small cog in a great, mechanistic universe. Plato paid attention to the immateriality of the human intellect and not its connection to the body, so he held that immaterial ideas are understood without abstraction.